Summary:12 Volts Lead Acid Battery Charger Circuit Except for use as a normal Batter Charger, this circuit is perfect to ‘constant-charge’ a 12-Volt Lead-Acid Battery, like the one in your flight box, and keep it in optimum charged condition. T
12 Volts Lead Acid Battery Charger Circuit
Except for use as a normal Batter Charger, this circuit is perfect to ‘constant-charge’ a 12-Volt Lead-Acid Battery, like the one in your flight box, and keep it in optimum charged condition. This circuit is not recommended for GEL-TYPE batteries since it draws to much current.
PARTS LIST R1 120Ω R2 82Ω R3 10KΩ R4 33KΩ R5 22KΩ P1 2.2KΩ C1 10µF 63V C2 10µF 63V D1 IN5401 D2 LED Q1 BD140 Q2 BC547 IC1 LM350K OR LM350T
The above circuit is a precision voltage source, and contains a temperature sensor with a negative temperature coëficient. Meaning, whenever the surrounding or battery temperature increases the voltage will automatically decrease. Temperature coëficient for this circuit is -8mV per °Celcius. A normal transistor (Q1) is used as a temperature sensor.
The LM350’s ‘adjust’ pin will try to keep the voltage drop between its pin and the output pin at a constant value of 1.25V. So there is a constant current flow through R1. Q1 act here as a temperature sensor with the help of components P1/R3/R4 who more or less control the base of Q1. Since the emitter/base connection of Q1, just like any other semiconductor, contains a temperature coëficient of -2mV/°C, the output voltage will also show a negative temperature coëficient. That one is only a factor of 4 larger, because of the variation of the emitter/basis of Q1 multiplied by the division factor of P1/R3/R4. Which results in approximately -8mV/°C. To prevent that sensor Q1 is warmed up by its own current draw, I recommend adding a cooling rib of sorts.
Depending on what type of transistor you use for Q1, the pads on the circuit board may not fit exactly (in case of the BD140).